A comparative review on symmetric and asymmetric DNA-based cryptography

Baraa Tareq Hammad, Ali Maki Sagheer, Ismail Taha Ahmed, Norziana Jamil

Abstract


It is important to ensure information security in data storage and transmission. Amongst the information security methods available nowadays, biological method is getting more popular as it is applied in many applications. Current researchers have focused on DNA-based cryptography. In fact, DNA, or Deoxyribo Nuclear Acid, has been applied in cryptography for performing computation as well as storing and transmitting information. In the present work, we made use of DNA in cryptographic, i.e. its storing capabilities (superior information density) and parallelism, in order to improve other classical cryptographic algorithms. Data encryption is made possible via DNA sequences. In this paper, two cases utilizing different DNA properties were studied by combining the DNA codes with those conventional cryptography algorithms. The first case concerned on symmetric cryptography that involved DNA coding with OTP (One Time Pad) algorithms. Asymmetric cryptography was considered in the second case by incorporating the DNA codes in RSA algorithm. The efficiencies of DNA coding in OTP, RSA and other algorithms were given. As observed, the computational time of RSA algorithm combined with DNA coding was longer. In order to alleviate this problem, data redundancy was reduced by activating the GZIP compressed algorithm. The present experimental results showed that DNA symmetric cryptography worked quite well in both time and size analyses. Nevertheless, it was less efficient than the compressed DNA asymmetric cryptography.

Keywords


Asymmetric cryptography; DNA-based; GZIP; OTP; RSA; Symmetric cryptography


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