Performance Comparison of Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Non-intrusive Electrical Load Monitoring

Khairuddin Khalid, Azah Mohamed, Ramizi Mohamed, Hussain Shareef


The increased awareness in reducing energy consumption and encouraging response from the use of smart meters have triggered the idea of non-intrusive load monitoring (NILM). The purpose of NILM is to obtain useful information about the usage of electrical appliances usually measured at the main entrance of electricity to obtain aggregate power signal by using a smart meter. The load operating states based on the on/off loads can be detected by analysing the aggregate power signals. This paper presents a comparative study for evaluating the performance of artificial intelligence techniques in classifying the type and operating states of three load types that are usually available in commercial buildings, such as fluorescent light, air-conditioner and personal computer. In this NILM study, experiments were carried out to collect information of the load usage pattern by using a commercial smart meter. From the power parameters captured by the smart meter, effective signal analysis has been done using the time time (TT)-transform to achieve accurate load disaggregation. Load feature selection is also considered by using three power parameters which are real power, reactive power and the TT-transform parameters. These three parameters are used as inputs for training the artificial intelligence techniques in classifying the type and operating states of the loads. The load classification results showed that the proposed extreme learning machine (ELM) technique has successfully achieved high accuracy and fast learning compared with artificial neural network and support vector machine. Based on validation results, ELM achieved the highest load classification with 100% accuracy for data sampled at 1 minute time interval.


Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Extreme learning machine, Non-intrusive load monitoring, Support vector machine

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).