Classification of batik patterns using K-Nearest neighbor and support vector machine

Agus Eko Minarno, Fauzi Dwi Setiawan Sumadi, Hardianto Wibowo, Yuda Munarko

Abstract


This study is proposed to compare which are the better method to classify Batik image between K-Nearest neighbor and support vector machine using minimum features of GLCM. The proposed steps are started by converting image to grayscale and extracting colour feature using four features of GLCM. The features include energy, entropy, contras, correlation and 0o, 45o, 90o, and 135o. The classifier features consist of 16 features in total. In the experimental result, there exist comparison of previous works regarding the classification KNN and SVM using multi texton histogram (MTH). The experiments are carried out in the form of calculation of accuracy with data sharing and cross-validation scenario. From the test results, the average accuracy for KNN is 78.3% and 92.3% for SVM in the cross-validation scenario. The scenario for the highest accuracy of data sharing is at 70% for KNN and at 100% for SVM. Thus, it is apparent that the application of the GLCM and SVM method for extracting and classifying batik motifs has been effective and better than previous work.


Keywords


Batik; Gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM); Image processing; KNN; SVM

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v9i3.1971

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