Discretization methods for Bayesian networks in the case of the earthquake

Devni Prima Sari, Dedi Rosadi, Adhitya Ronnie Effendie, Danardono Danardono

Abstract


The Bayesian networks are a graphical probability model that represents interactions between variables. This model has been widely applied in various fields, including in the case of disaster. In applying field data, we often find a mixture of variable types, which is a combination of continuous variables and discrete variables. For data processing using hybrid and continuous Bayesian networks, all continuous variables must be normally distributed. If normal conditions unsatisfied, we offer a solution, is to discretize continuous variables. Next, we can continue the process with the discrete Bayesian networks. The discretization of a variable can be done in various ways, including equal-width, equal-frequency, and K-means. The combination of BN and k-means is a new contribution in this study called the k-means Bayesian networks (KMBN) model. In this study, we compared the three methods of discretization used a confusion matrix. Based on the earthquake damage data, the K-means clustering method produced the highest level of accuracy. This result indicates that K-means is the best method for discretizing the data that we use in this study.


Keywords


Bayesian networks; Earthquake; Equal-frequency; Equal-width; K-means

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v10i1.2007

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