Hajj pilgrimage video analytics using CNN

Md Roman Bhuiyan, Junaidi Abdullah, Noramiza Hashim, Fahmid Al Farid, Mohd Ali Samsudin, Norra Abdullah, Jia Uddin

Abstract


This paper advances video analytics with a focus on crowd analysis for Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages. In recent years, there has been an increased interest in the advancement of video analytics and visible surveillance to improve the safety and security of pilgrims during their stay in Makkah. It is mainly because Hajj is an entirely special event that involve hundreds of thousands of people being clustered in a small area. This paper proposed a convolutional neural network (CNN) system for performing multitude analysis, in particular for crowd counting. In addition, it also proposes a new algorithm for applications in Hajj and Umrah. We create a new dataset based on the Hajj pilgrimage scenario in order to address this challenge. The proposed algorithm outperforms the state-of-the-art approach with a significant reduction of the mean absolute error (MAE) result: 240.0 (177.5 improvement) and the mean square error (MSE) result: 260.5 (280.1 improvement) when used with the latest dataset (HAJJ-Crowd dataset). We present density map and prediction of traditional approach in our novel HAJJ-crowd dataset for the purpose of evaluation with our proposed method.


Keywords


CNN; Crowd analysis; Crowd counting; Density estimetion; Visual surveillance

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v10i5.2361

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