A new model for early diagnosis of alzheimer's disease based on BAT-SVM classifier

Shereen A. Taie, Wafaa Ghonaim


Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) of the Brain is a significant tool to diagnosis Alzheimer's disease due to its ability to measure regional changes in the brain that reflect disease progression to detect early stages of the disease. In this paper, we propose a new model that adopts Bat for parameter optimization problem of Support vector machine (SVM) to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease via MRI biomedical image. The proposed model uses MRI for biomedical image classification to diagnose three classes; normal controls (NC), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The proposed model based on segmentation for the most involved areas in the disease hippocampus, the features of MRI brain images are extracted to build feature vector of the brain, then extracting the most significant features in neuroimaging to reduce the high dimensional space of MRI images to lower dimensional subspace, and submitted to machine learning classification technique. Moreover, the model is applied on different datasets to validate the efficiency which show that the new Bat-SVM model can yield promising acceptable level of accuracy reached to 95.36 % using maximum number of bats equal to 50 and number of generation equal to 10.


Alzheimer’s disease; BAT optimizer; Hippocampus; Magnetic resonance imaging; Support vector machine

DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v10i2.2714


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