Convolutional neural network for semantic segmentation of fetal echocardiography based on four-chamber view

M. N. Rachmatullah, Siti Nurmaini, A. I. Sapitri, A. Darmawahyuni, B. Tutuko, Firdaus Firdaus

Abstract


The acute shortage of trained and experienced sonographers causes the detection of congenital heart defects (CHDs) extremely difficult. In order to minimize this difficulty, an accurate fetal heart segmentation to the early location of such structural heart abnormalities prior to delivery is essential. However, the segmentation process is not an easy task due to the small size of the fetal heart structure. Moreover, the manual task for identifying the standard cardiac planes, primarily based on a four-chamber view, requires a well-trained clinician and experience. In this paper, a CNN method using U-Net architecture was proposed to automate fetal cardiac standard planes segmentation from ultrasound images. A total of 519 fetal cardiac images was obtained from three videos. All data is divided into training and testing data. The testing data consist of 106 slices of the four-chamber segmentation tasks, i.e. atrial septal defect (ASD), ventricular septal defect (VSD), and normal. The segmentation of the post-processing method is needed to enhanced the segmentation result. In this paper, a combination technique with U-Net and Otsu thresholding gives the best performances with 99.48%-pixel accuracy, 96.73% mean accuracy, 94.92% mean intersection over union, and 0.21% segmentation error. In the future, the implementation of Deep Learning in the study of CHDs holds significant potential for identifying novel CHDs in heterogeneous fetal hearts.

Keywords


Congenital heart defect; Four-chamber view; Segmentation; Ultrasound images; U-Net

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v10i4.3060

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