Two-port network model of wind turbine generator for three-phase unbalanced distribution system load flow analysis

Rudy Gianto, Purwoharjono Purwoharjono


An unbalanced electric power system can occur due to unequal lines and/or loads in each phase of the system. For a system with a high level of unbalance, the assumption that the system is balanced becomes incorrect. For a case like this, the system must be analyzed using three-phase approaches because single-phase analysis techniques can no longer be used to obtain accurate results. Therefore, the development of three-phase models of all components of the electric power system, including the wind turbine generating system (WTGS), is very important so that the system can properly be analyzed and its performance can correctly be evaluated. This paper proposes a method to incorporate WTGS in a three-phase load flow analysis of an unbalanced distribution system. The proposed method is based on the previously published single-phase two-port network model. In this paper, the single-phase two-port network model is modified and extended so that it can be applied to unbalanced systems. The model is then included in the three-phase distribution system load flow (DSLF) analysis. The proposed method is validated using 12-node and 19-node distribution systems.


Induction generator; Load flow; Three-phase distribution system; Two-port network; Wind turbine generator

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Bulletin of EEI Stats