Smart irrigation system with photovoltaic supply

Elia Erwani Hassan, Leong Lek Chung, Mohamad Fani Sulaima, Nazrulazhar Bahaman, Aida Fazliana Abdul Kadir


Maximizing crop yielding is an extensive problem faced by the population in a country. The main issue comes from the farmer who still implemented the conventional method of irrigation that required human actions, especially for water pump operation. As an alternative, the automatic solution becomes a demand with the internet of things (IoT) support system to overcome the agriculture scenario. Meanwhile, multiple sensors controlled by the ESP32 microcontroller are also used to measure the crucial parameters that influenced the living conditions of crops and are called input parameters. Meanwhile, the implementation of a fuzzy logic controller is to control the timing of water volume based on the inputs data obtained through the sensors' responses. Solar energy is the main supply because of the zero-cost expense and environmentally friendly energy generation. In large, this research developed the smart irrigation system (SIS) with photovoltaic (PV) panels as a supply to sustain the energy required for empowering the entire process. As a result, the SIS is found as a successful system in controlling the best suitable time of water irrigation. The soil evaporation contents obtained from the experiment were also close to actual accurate data reference for Melaka state to verify the solution.


Fuzzy logic; Internet of thing; Photovoltaic; Solar system; Watering system

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