Early faults diagnosis and severity assessment of rolling element bearings on wireless signal transfer

Ghulam Mustafa, Shahab Khushnood

Abstract


Machine condition monitoring in remote locations and harsh environment where network infrastructure is not feasible, or hardwired network connectivity is not possible, wireless communications provides an alternative which also offer installation cost savings, improve reliability and quicker deployment. This paper describes the implementation of wireless sensor network (WSN) for early fault diagnosis of rolling element bearings based on signal autocorrelation technique. A low-power 2.4 GHz wireless HART transceiver, a low-cost wireless vibration transmitter, 26.76 mv/g accelerometers and a 1420 wireless gateway with AMS software was implemented. The research describes the methodology of acquiring peak values data in high frequency region. The noise was averaged out by applying four-time averaging and natural frequencies or fault frequencies of bearing elements was captured. The experimental results show that the signal autocorrelation algorithm can successfully diagnose the roller bearing faults at early stage on wireless signal transfer. As the raw data was processed before wireless transmission on analyzing unit and spectrum was transferred in JPG format on display unit, minimum power consumption has been noted. The technique provided a better alternative of wired system for real time condition monitoring of roller bearings in rotating equipment installed in remote area.

Keywords


Fault diagnosis; Machine fault diagnosis condition monitoring; Roller bearings; Vibration analysis autocorrelation; Wireless sensor network

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v11i1.3548

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