Wideband hybrid precoder for mmWave multiuser MIMO OFDM communications

Faez Fawwaz Shareef, Manal Jamil Al-Kindi

Abstract


Using millimeter wave (mmWave) transmission for massive multiple input multiple output (MIMO) system can improve system performance and effectively reduce the size of the massive antennas array. However, A wideband beamformer design is needed to take advantage of this wideband channel. In this paper, a downlink multi-user massive MIMO orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (MIMO OFDM) system for mmWave communications is proposed. Each subcarrier channel can be approximated as a narrowband clustered channel, so a narrowband precoder can be applied for each subchannel. The hybrid precoder is implemented in a manner so the digital precoder is obtained for each subcarrier, whilst the analog precoder is common for all subcarriers. A modified “joint spatial division/multiplexing” (JSDM) scheme is used to design the precoder, where each user equipped with more than one antenna. The design of the analog precoder is based on the second order channel statistics to reduce the overhead information need to process and fed back and the subcarrier baseband precoder based on the instantaneous channel state information (CSI). Following the approach of Kronecker channel model, the iteration between the analog beamformers design at both end of link can be avoided. Finally testing the system using various numbers of antennas at base station.

Keywords


Hybrid precoder; JSDM; Massive MIMO; OFDM; Wideband mmWave

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v11i3.3551

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