Spectral and energy efficiencies maximization in downlink NOMA systems

Faris Keti, Salih M. Atroshey, Jalil A. Hamadamin


Due to the huge connectivity and ever-growing demands of diverse services and high data rate applications, more effective radio access techniques are required for the next generation wireless systems. Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is a promising candidate which has been recognized as an effective multiple access technique that notably improves the spectral efficiency (SE). In addition to SE, energy efficiency (EE) is also attracting too much interest nowadays due to the limited power of end users (EU) and internet of things (IoT) devices, and the strict environmental concerns related to global carbon dioxide (CO2) emission of communication devices. However, in fact there is a trade-off relationship between SE and EE. In this paper, the SE-EE trade-off relationship in NOMA-based systems is mathematically modeled and analyzed. On the other hand, in order to attain an elastic SE-EE trade-off relationship, the problem is formulated as an optimization problem with an objective of maximizing the EE under the constraint of satisfying a minimum SE demand. Simulation results confirmed the theoretical findings of this study and further asserted the validation of the proposed power allocation scheme which aims to achieve a more flexible trad-off relationship between SE and EE.


5G; Energy efficiency; NOMA; Resource allocation; Spectral efficiency

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v11i3.3654


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