Design an efficient internet of things data compression for healthcare applications

Ahmed Najah Kahdim, Mehdi Ebady Manaa


The internet of things (IoT) is an ecosystem of connected objects that are accessible and available through the internet. This "thing" in the IoT could be a sensor such as a heart monitor, temperature, and oxygen rate in the blood. These sensors produce huge amounts of information that lead to congestion and an effect on bandwidth in the IoT network. In this paper, the proposed system is based on the Zstandard compression algorithm to compress the sensor data to minimize the amount of data transmitted from the IoT level to the fog level and decrease network overloading. The proposed system was evaluated using compression ratio, throughput, and latency time for healthcare applications. The result showed better calculation through decreased response time and increased throughput for transmitted data compared with the case of non-compressed data. It showed the compression data ratio about 70% of orignial data, maximum number of IoT sensor reads as 100, throughput is 85.43 B/ms, and fog processing delay is 6.25 ms.


Data compression; Fog computing; IoT; Raspberry Pi; Zstandard algorithm

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