OFDM-based Wideband Hybrid Beamformer for mmWave Massive MIMO Multiuser 5G Systems

Faez Fawwaz Shareef, Manal Jamil Al-Kindi

Abstract


Employing massive antennas array at the user terminals can be feasible by using millimeter wave (mmWave) transmission which significantly reduce the antennas array size. The implementation of massive multiple input multiple output (MIMO) at the user terminals facilitates accurate beamforming. In this paper, a modified orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) algorithm is used to design a wideband hybrid combiner based on the sparse structure of mmWave channel and orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM). Based on OFDM, the wideband channel considered as multiple narrowband channels so a modified narrowband hybrid combiner can be implemented for each subcarrier channel in a manner where the RF combiner is the same for all subcarriers, whilst the baseband combiner is obtained for each subcarrier. For the multiuser 5G system, a wideband hybrid precoder based on the block diagonalization (BD) method is used at the base station (BS) to cancel the interference at each user due to the other users. The performance of this hybrid beamformers (precoder/combiner) are tested for different scenarios of base station antennas number, numbers of users’ antennas, and number of users.

Keywords


Block diagonalization; Hybrid beamformer; Massive MIMO; Matching pursuit; Spatially sparse precoder; Wideband channel

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v12i3.4094

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