Improved load frequency control performance by tuning parameters of PID controller and BESS using Bat algorithm

Dimas Fajar Uman Putra, Aji Akbar Firdaus, Hamzah Arof, Novian Patria Uman Putra, Vicky Andria Kusuma


The oscillation of frequency can cause the generator to run out of sync in a power system. Therefore, load frequency control (LFC) is needed to reduce frequency oscillation and prevent out of sync operation. The LFC regulates the governor to balance the turbine speed with changes in the load of existing. In this paper, a proportional integral differential (PID) controller and a battery energy storage system (BESS) are added to an LFC to improve the frequency stability of a power system. The parameters of the PID controller and BESS are optimized using the Bat algorithm (BA) to attain a good coordination. The frequency performance analysis is done by introducing disturbance in the form of changes in load power. The simulation results show that the frequency deviation of the system with the PID controller and BESS, has a faster settling time and smaller overshoot value. The system performs better than those with only the PID controller or the BESS. In conclusion, the BA algorithm can be used to find optimal parameter values of the PID controller and BESS for a synchronized coordination of an LFC.


Bat algorithm; Battery energy storage system; Load frequency control; Proportional integral differential

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).