Advanced optimal GA-PID controller for BLDC motor

Hashmia S. Dakheel, Zainab B. Abdullah, Salam Waley Shneen


The brushless direct current (BLDC) motor is characterized by high torque, which made it widely used in many industrial applications. To improve the working performance of the BLDC motor, the addition of controllers such as proportional integral derivative (PID) is adopted. To obtain high-performance controllers, the design process is adopted to develop a suitable algorithm. The genetic algorithm (GA) was chosen to tune the PID controller and get suitable parameters for each of kp, ki and kd with self-tuning. The design process is based on BLDC motor control using the GA to tune the traditional PID controller. Simulations were carried out for three cases including the absence of controllers secondly, by using the traditional control unit and finally with the GA. The integral time absolute error (ITAE) type error control standard for BLDC motor control system was selected. After conducting the simulation, the results demonstrated the superiority of the GA over the traditional ones in terms of response speed, (stability, rise, and settling) time and percentage overshootas details will be mentioned the model in the subsequent paragraphs of the research, finally the simulation results indicate the development and improvement of BLDC motor operation and performance during real time.


Brushless direct current; Genetic algorithm; Proportional integral derivative

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).