Features selection for estimating hand gestures based on electromyography signals

Raghad R. Essa, Hanadi Abbas Jaber, Abbas A. Jasim


Hand prosthesis controlled by surface electromyography (sEMG) is promising due to the control capabilities and the noninvasive technique that machine learning (ML) offers to help physically disabled people during daily life. Nevertheless, dexterous prostheses are still infrequently popular due to control problems and limited robustness. This paper proposes a new set of time domain (TD) features to improve the EMG pattern recognition performance. The effect of five feature sets is evaluated based on the three classifiers k-nearest neighbor (KNN), linear discriminate analysis (LDA), and support vector machine (SVM). The EMG signals are obtained from database-5 (DB5) of the ninapro project datasets. In this study, the long-term signals of DB5 are segmented into short-term signals to perform short-term recognition. The results showed that the LDA classifier based on the proposed features achieved high classification accuracy for classifing 17 gestures. The LDA classifier achieved about 96.47% compared to 94.12%, and 93.82% for KNN and SVM classifiers, respectively. The results confirm that the suitable features extracted from short term signals with the appropriate classifier, has an important impact on improving the performance of gesture classification.


Feature extraction; Hand motion classification; Machine learning classifiers; Ninapro dataset; Surface electromyography

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v12i4.5048


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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).