Frequency response of microgrids with PV power generation and energy storage system (battery and supercapacitor)

Alaa Hamzah Abdullah, Karrar M. Al-Anbary, Qasim Mahdi Hamad, Hanaa Mohsin Ali Al Abboodi, Mohammed Taih Gatte


Since renewable energy sources (RES) have almost little inertia, an increase in their electricity might harm the power system's ability to run steadily and dependably. Numerous solutions to the issue mentioned above are offered. This paper aims to assess the technological possibility of using energy storage system (ESS) devices built from batteries and supercapacitors to enhance the interia response of sources in microgrids with a large amount of PV power penetration. The microgrid's inertia was altered by varying the penetration level of RES. To obtain a rigid microgrid, batteries and supercapacitors are suggested in this study to enhance frequency stability and droop control is utilized to complete this assessment. The model of the on-grid power network was designed using Simulink in MATLAB to evaluate the high level of RES penetration impact on the frequency stability of the system. Results verify that the microgrid stiffness is significantly enhanced when the suggested storage elements are incorporated. The findings show that the rate of change of frequency (RoCoF) is reduced when the size of the ESS increases and vice versa. The supercapacitor energy storage system (SCESS) can increase the stability of the system's frequency more effectively than the battery energy storage systems (BESS) with a slower time response.


Droop control; Frequency response; Frequency stability; Inertia emulation; Renewable energy resource inertia; System inertia; Virtual inertia

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).