Ultra-wide band antipodal Vivaldi antenna design using target detection algorithm for detection application

Sajjad Ahmed, Ariffuddin Joret, Norshidah Katiran, Muhammad Faiz Liew Abdullah, Zahriladha Zakaria, Muhammad Suhaimi Sulong


This work presents a technique for detecting targets between two walls using ultra-wide band (UWB) modified antipodal Vivaldi antenna (MAVA). The detection system works on principle of time domain reflectrometry (TDR) using through wall imaging (TWI). This technique utilized a vector network analyzer (VNA) to produced short and small pluses to irradiate through an antenna array system onto the wall under study. The purposed detection system operated in UWB frequency spectrum (3.1 GHz to 10.6 GHz). Furthermore, an algorithm for hidden target detection has been developed. The results of the simulation of the designed antenna revealed a significant level of penetration, demonstrating a smart advancement in detecting and imaging system, to locate hidden metallic targets with good accuracy. A signal processing technique have been employed to improve the resolution of the target image. Using computer simulation technology (CST) software, the development and optimization process of an antenna is carried out, and the parametric performance of return loss, directivity and radiation pattern is evaluated.


Modified antipodal Vivaldi antenna; Time domain reflectrometry; Through wall imaging; Ultra-wide band; Vector network analyzer

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v12i4.5081


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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).