Performance enhancement of 5G uplink MIMO over fading-shadowing, path losses, and ISI using LZF equalize

Ashwaq Q. Hameed, Ali H. Numan


The challenges of the 5G mobile wireless communication systems transmission channels have been changed continuously because of the signal transfer path characteristics such as real-time applications, path loss, multiple users, reflected rays, channel Rayleigh-fading, shadowing, noise, and inter symbol interference (ISI). These challenges have been treated to reach the minimum bit error rate (BER) value of the received data and maximum data rate of high-speed wireless mobile communication systems. In this paper, the linear zero-forcing (LZF) equalizer with uplink multi-input multi-output (MIMO) system has been proposed to enhancement the BER, which is caused by the ISI, Rayleigh fading, shadowing, path losses, and additive white gaussian noise (AWGN). Furthermore, the proposed approach is applied to a different number of antennas constellation to show the effect of increasing the number of antennas on the BER. The results show that the proposed LZF equalizer-MIMO system model has reached lower BER values, and high performance with an increase in the receiver to 8×14, 8×16 and 8×18 antennas constellation at 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, and 18 dB signal to noise ratio (SNR).


5G multi-input multi-output; Inter symbol interference; Linear zero-forcing equalizer; Path losses; Shadowing; Uplink system

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).