An efficient method for estimating energy losses in distribution's feeder

Nur Diana Izzani Masdzarif, Khairul Anwar Ibrahim, Chin Kim Gan, Mau Teng Au, Kyairul Azmi Baharin, Nurul A. Emran, Zaheera Zainal Abidin


This paper explains a simple and efficient methodology for calculating monthly energy losses (EL) using the load loss factor technique and a representative composite load profile. One of the important benefits of the proposed work is a simpler, more efficient and less rigorous method to estimate the system-wide energy loss of an extensive distribution network with reasonable accuracy. The sum of all EL provided by each feeder section is used to calculate the total feeder EL. A base case feeder with a typical cable type and power factor is used to generate regression equations, a peak power loss function to estimate the EL. A case study is then used to show the models and techniques that have been established. The result indicates a high level of agreement with the time-series load flow simulations (smaller than 10% deviations). With this model, an approach to estimate the EL of all radial feeders of various configurations and characteristics could be extended and implemented. The spreadsheet approach is ideal for completing a quick energy audit of existing distribution feeder EL and determining the sensitivity of distribution network efficiency to changes in feeder sections and load characteristics.


Energy losses estimation; Load factor; Loss factor; Power distribution system; Representative composite load profile

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).