Multi-objective optimization of CMOS low noise amplifier through nature-inspired swarm intelligence

Hamid Bouali, Bachir Benhala, Mohammed Guerbaoui


This paper presents the application of two swarm intelligence techniques, multi-objective artificial bee colony (MOABC) and multi-objective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO), to the optimal design of a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) low noise amplifier (LNA) cascode with inductive source degeneration. The aim is to achieve a balanced trade-off between voltage gain and noise figure. The optimized LNA circuit operates at 2.4 GHz with a 1.8 V power supply and is implemented in a 180 nm CMOS process. Both optimization algorithms were implemented in MATLAB and evaluated using the ZDT1, ZDT2, and ZDT3 test functions. The optimized designs were then simulated using the advance design system (ADS) simulator. The results showed that the MOABC and MOPSO techniques are practical and effective in optimizing LNA design, resulting in better performance than previously published works, with a gain of 21.2 dB and a noise figure of 0.848 dB.


180 nm complementary metal oxide semiconductor process; Advance design system simulator; Low noise amplifier circuit; MATLAB environment; MOABC algorithm; MOPSO algorithm

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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).