High capacity double precision image steganography based on chaotic maps

Salwan Fadhel Al Rubaie, Maher K. Mahmood Al-Azawi

Abstract


Steganography is the process of hiding confidential information within non-secret multimedia such that the 3rd party cannot distinguish if there is a secret message in it or not. Whereas cryptography is the technique of using mathematical concepts to convert information into unreadable codes via a key. This paper will propose two approaches, lossless and lossy image steganography. Both of them will use cryptography and steganography based on three different chaotic maps to ensure information security. In the cryptography part, two chaotic maps will be used to encrypt the secret information, while in the steganography section, one chaotic map is used to embed the message. The secret information will be concealed in the least significant bits (LSBs) of the double-precision image’s pixels. The double precision image is a high-quality image and can be represented in 64 bits per pixel for grayscale images, leading to a very high redundant bit. Simulation results show a high embedding capacity of 60.938% and 400% for lossless and lossy approaches respectively with a peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) reach of 69.964 dB. Furthermore, this system is extremely secure due to the use of 3 chaotic maps with key space 2448.


Keywords


Chaotic maps; Cryptography; Double precision image; High capacity; Key space size; Least significant bit; Steganography

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v13i1.6055

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).