Risk analysis and prevention in computer security in institutional servers, a systematic review of the literature

Angel Namo-Ochoa, Eduardo Portilla-Cosar, Fernando Sierra-Liñan, Michael Cabanillas-Carbonell


In recent years, computer attacks on the server infrastructure in organizations have been increasing, and the pandemic of covid-19 and remote work have been the main causes for this massive wave of large-scale attacks, small businesses are especially vulnerable because to optimizing resources they leave aside the cyber security in their network infrastructure. The present research is a systematic review that compiles 58 articles where policies, techniques, and infrastructure for the prevention of threats in enterprise servers have been implemented and raised, these articles have been collected from major databases such as IEEE Xplore, SAGE, Science Direct, Scopus, and IOP Publishing. The results show that one of the most effective methods in preventing communications between institutional servers is public key infrastructure/SSL-TLS encryption. Most research claims that it is the most effective method as it provides a central certifier and manages the certificates for the servers allowing each of the modules or attachments within the infrastructure to identify and validate other members and to proceed with the encryption of network traffic, Finally, a security implementation model is proposed.


Attacks; Risk; Security; Servers; Systematic review

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v13i3.6093


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Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
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