Smart irrigation with crop recommendation using machine learning approach

Anitha Palakshappa, Sowmya Kyathanahalli Nanjappa, Punitha Mahadevappa, Sinchana Sinchana


Increasing crop yield with sustainable growth is the primary requirement for farmers with a growing population. Effective management and conservation of depleting natural resources is a priority task. Decrease in manpower due to migrating population has forced automation in agriculture. In this work, an automatic water irrigation and an effective crop recommendation system is proposed. Gypsum blocks based soil sensor is used to measure dielectric permittivity associated with the tested soil. The water-potential present in soil, along with potassium (K), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potential of hydrogen (pH) helps to quantify the soil nutrients available and the suitable crop that can be considered for harvesting in a specified demography and environment. Sensory data indicating soil quality obtained is used to recommend crops by utilizing machine learning approaches. Telegram application is linked to the recommendation model to assist decision making and to ensure farmer-friendliness by sending notifications periodically.


Automated agriculture; Machine learning; Random forest; Smart agriculture; Smart irrigation; Soil prediction

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).