Comparative study of teachable machine for forest fire and smoke detection by drone

Mounir Grari, Mimoun Yandouzi, Berrahal Mohammed, Mohammed Boukabous, Idriss Idrissi


Forests play a vital role in maintaining ecological equilibrium and serving as vital habitats for wildlife. They regulate global climate, safeguard soil and water resources, and provide crucial ecosystem services such as air and water purification, essential for human well-being and sustainable development. Forest fires wreak havoc on ecosystems and wildlife, emitting harmful pollutants, disrupting communities, and increasing the risk of erosion and landslides. Detecting forest fires through satellite imaging, aerial reconnaissance, and ground-based sensors is pivotal for early detection and containment, safeguarding human lives, wildlife, and preserving natural resources for future generations. Utilizing drones and deep learning (DL) algorithms can significantly enhance early fire detection and minimize their devastating impact. In this paper, we examine teachable machine, a Google tool for creating DL models. We compare the top model generated by teachable machine for fire and smoke detection to models obtained through transfer learning from established DL models in image recognition and computer vision (CV), such as VGG16, VGG19, MobileNet, MobileNetv2, and MobileNetv3. The results underscore the significance of employing the teachable machine model in specific fire and smoke detection scenarios.


Computer vision; Convolutional neural networks; Drone/unmanned aerial vehicles; Forest fire; Teachable machine; Transfer learning

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).