Pre-trained Bi-LSTM model for automated classification of ventricular arrhythmias using 1-D and 2-D ECG

M Krishna Chaitanya, Lakhan Dev Sharma


Number of cardiac conditions have been associated with abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmia) such as ventricular fibrillation (Vfib), ventricular flutter (Vfl), and ventricular tachycardia (Vta). This is a difficult and essential job for timely clinical assessment and identification of these potentially life-threatening heart arrhythmias. With the aid of a one-dimensional electrocardiogram (ECG) signal and its associated two-dimensional image, the suggested method provides a strategy for the detection of time-frequency interpretation (Vfib, Vfl, and Vta). A four-stage cascaded Savitzky-Golay (SG) filter is used after a 2-stage median filter to preprocess the ECG signal. This technique employs z-score normalisation after brief (2 sec) ECG readings. The classification of these ECG segments (1-D) and associated time-frequency representation pictures (2-D) was explored separately using a bi-directional long short-term memory-based network. Eight distinct categorization scenarios were examined, and then an average accuracy of 99.67% for 1-D ECG and 99.87% for 2-D ECG signal was attained.


Bi-long short-term memory; Cardiac arrhythmias; Time-frequency representation; Ventricular fibrillation; Ventricular flutter; Ventricular tachycardia

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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).