Load frequency control of interconnected power system using cuckoo search algorithm

Soumya Mishra, Pujari Harish Kumar, Rajarajan Ramasamy, Renjini Edayillam Nambiar, Praveena Puvvada


This paper presents a new time-domain multi-objective function approach for solving load frequency control issue in an interconnected power system. The performance of interconnected power system in each area is validated for overshoot and settling time values of frequency change and tie-line power exchange. An objective function is created with the goal of enhancing proportional integral derivative (PID) controller settings by reducing overshoot and achieving faster time-domain settling times. The efficiency of the proposed time-domain multi-objective function is evaluated in a two-area thermal power plant using a nature-inspired cuckoo search optimization (CSA) technique. By comparing the time-domain simulation results of the test system with the existing integral error-based objective functions IAE, ISE, ITAE, and ITSE, the proposed objective function is validated. Further, a sensitivity analysis were carried out to analyze the robustness of the proposed multi-objective function under various uncertain conditions.


Cuckoo search optimization; Load frequency control; Proportional integral derivative controller; Time domain specification; Two area control system

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v13i3.6714


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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).