Enhancing quality measurement for visible and invisible watermarking based on M-SVD and DCT

Kusnawi Kusnawi, Joang Ipmawati, Dwi Puji Prabowo


This study introduces an advanced method for evaluating non-blind watermarking quality, leveraging both visible and invisible watermarking techniques grounded in principles of discrete cosine transform (DCT) and modified singular value decomposition (M-SVD). The primary focus is to refine the assessment process of watermarked images by integrating M-SVD, known for its efficacy in measuring image quality and watermarking performance. Results from the M-SVD implementation exhibit a striking resemblance to the original images. The mean squared error (MSE) values for watermarked images range from 0.0003 to 0.0168, while peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) values vary between 42.52 dB and 82.72 dB. These outcomes underscore the potential of DCT and M-SVD techniques in bolstering watermarking processes, especially in invisible watermarking contexts.


Discrete cosine transform; Invisible watermarking; Multi-singular value decomposition; Quality measurement; Visible watermarking

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v13i4.7884


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Bulletin of EEI Stats

Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (BEEI)
ISSN: 2089-3191, e-ISSN: 2302-9285
This journal is published by the Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES) in collaboration with Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU).