SSA-based hybrid forecasting models and applications

Winita Sulandari, Subanar Subanar, Suhartono Suhartono, Herni Utami, Muhammad Hisyam Lee, Paulo Canas Rodrigues


This study attempted to combine SSA (Singular Spectrum Analysis) with other methods to improve the performance of forecasting model for time series with a complex pattern. This work discussed two modifications of TLSAR (Two-Level Seasonal Autoregressive) modeling by considering the SSA decomposition results, namely TLSNN (Two-Level Seasonal Neural Network) and TLCSNN (Two-Level Complex Seasonal Neural Network). TLSAR consisted of a linear trend, harmonic, and autoregressive component. In contrast, the two proposed hybrid approaches consisted of flexible trend function, harmonic, and neural networks. Trend and harmonic function were considered as the deterministic part identified based on SSA decomposition. Meanwhile, NN was intended to handle the nonlinearity relationship in the stochastic part. These two SSA-based hybrid models were contemplated to be more flexible than TLSAR and more applicable to the series with an intricate pattern. The experimental studies to the monthly accidental deaths in USA and daily electricity load Jawa-Bali showed that the proposed SSA-based hybrid model reduced RMSE for the testing data from that obtained by TLSAR model up to 95%.



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