Autonomous Surface Vessel for Search and Rescue Operation

Hasmah Mansor, Muhamad Haziq Norhisam, Zulkifli Zainal Abidin, Teddy Surya Gunawan


Search and Rescue (SAR) operation have been known as a dangerous operation. This operation is usually performed to save human life in dangerous situations, for example, during natural disasters or unfortunate incidents on the land, in the deep seas, rivers, or lakes. Although the search and rescue crew are usually well trained, there were several incidents happened where the crew involved in the accident during the operation of saving others' life. In order to reduce the risk faced by the crew during search and rescue operations, a new method that utilizes robotic technology is highly in demand. This research proposed the development of Autonomous Surface Vessel (ASV) for search and rescue operations for deepwater applications. The proposed autonomous surface vessel is equipped with Global Positioning System (GPS) and underwater sensor, particularly sonar sensor to search for the victims, black box, debris, or other clues/pieces of evidence on the surface as well as under the water. The vessel was designed with monitoring and control via radio frequency wireless communication. The prototype of the autonomous surface vessel for search and rescue operation was developed and tested successfully together with the telemetry at the ground station. The ground station acts as the control center of the overall system. From the experiment results, the vessel was successfully operated autonomously. The operator at the ground station was able to monitor the sensor data and control the maneuver of the vessel according to the created path. When the experiment was conducted, the telemetry coverage to monitor the water surroundings and control the maneuver of the vessel was around 100 meters.


Autonomous surface vessel; Search and rescue; Sonar sensor; Arduino; GPS; Unmanned



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