A smart water grid network for water supply management systems

Ali Adil Ali, Saadi Mohammed Saadi, Tameem Mohammed Mahmood, Salama A. Mostafa

Abstract


This paper proposes a smart water grids network (SWGN) architecture that combines the advantages of fog computing, internet of things (IoT), long range wide area network (LoRaWAN), and Software-defined networking (SDN). The main aims of the SWG architecture are to optimize data routing and monitor water supply and quality in real-time. SWGN handles a vast amount of data that is collected by IoT devices from different points related to water supply and quality. The data is processed in a distributed way by a number of fog servers that are located at the edge of the network. The fog controllers are deployed at the fog layer in order to take action locally for frequent events. The cloud layer has a cloud controller to take actions globally for infrequent events. The LoRaWAN provides communication technology that allows devices to operate regularly. The SDN technology decouples network traffic to control data routing decisions efficiently. A primitive evaluation under the Mininet emulator, focusing on SDN, shows the feasibility and efficiency of the architecture.

Keywords


Cloud computing; Fog computing; Smart water grid; Water quality monitoring internet of things

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v11i3.3227

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