Intelligent evacuation model in disaster mitigation

M Safii, Syahril Efendi, Muhammad Zarlis, Herman Mawengkang

Abstract


Mitigation is a pre-disaster action that aims to prepare for a disaster situation. One of the mitigation activities is evacuation, which aims to reduce disaster-related losses. Because disaster damage cannot be predicted, dealing with evacuation efforts requires a dynamic model. This study will utilize a dynamic model that combines the game theory model for choosing the evacuation location and the open vehicle routing problem (OVRP) model for selecting evacuation routes to create an intelligent system. The game theory model will be used to supplement the selection of alternate evacuation locations by taking into account geographical features that are very uncertain in the event of a crisis. An evacuation route equipped with an OVRP model with the goal of optimizing travel time is required to mobilize disaster-affected people. With the development of the Intelligent Evacuation System idea, combining the two models will create a new model. The simulation model is evaluated using linear, interactive, and discrete optimizer (LINDO), which may minimize the evacuation time from the evacuation route to a safe destination by 50 minutes if there is no contra-flow to allow more people to be evacuated.

Keywords


Disaster management; Evacuation; Game theory; Intelligent system; Mitigation

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v11i4.3805

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