Loss reduction of transmission lines using PSO-based optimum performance of UPFC

Shaimaa A. Hussein, Dhari Yousif Mahmood, Ali Hussein Numan

Abstract


Transmission line losses are one of the essential topics and issues in power systems research. Several methods and techniques have been used to reduce these losses, and one of these modern techniques is flexible alternating current transmission systems (FACTS). In this paper, one of the most important types of this technology, the unified power flow controller (UPFC), was used to reduce losses in the Iraqi national grid (ING) 400 kV. This paper presents an efficient method for minimizing losses of transmission lines in the ING system (400 kV) 46-bus approach. A particle swarm optimization (PSO)-based optimum proportional-integral (PI) controller with UPFC was proposed to obtain the optimal location of UPFC and optimum parameters of the PI controller to achieve the objective function of the research. MATLAB coded the algorithm. The Newton-Raphson method was employed to perform load flow analysis. The results showed that the best place for UPFC is buses (14-17) named BGE4 (Baghdad)-AMN4 (Baghdad), and the total active power and reactive power losses decreased from 727.4593 to 579.3874 MW and from 5155.9 to 3971.1 MVAR, respectively and also led to voltage regulation.

Keywords


Flexible alternating current transmission systems; Loss minimization; Particle swarm optimization; Proportional-integral controller; Unified power flow controller

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/eei.v12i3.4559

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